Brownfield Assessment Project 2017-2020
Site Re-use & Revitalization Program Overview
Vision: To revitalize vacant and underutilized properties throughout Kodiak Island to restore the environment, generate jobs, increase property values, and reduce health risks.
Background: Environmental impacts from historic military operations and commercial activities have resulted in vacant and underutilized brownfield properties across the Kodiak Archipelago. Brownfields can include derelict canneries, former dump sites, auto-related businesses, dry-cleaners, buildings with asbestos or lead-based paint, and other vacant or underutilized commercial and industrial properties.
Through an EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant, the Kodiak Coalition will inventory and prioritize brownfield sites for redevelopment, assess existing site conditions, and plan for cleanup and reuse of priority sites throughout our community.
- Prioritize use of grant funds on priority sites that can be a catalyst for new employment opportunities and a sustainable job base.
- Build on past brownfield redevelopment successes.
- Promote infill development that maximizes use of existing space, infrastructure and utilities.
- Remove redevelopment barriers by addressing unknown site conditions and creating shovel ready sites.
- Invest in sites that will generate public and private revenue.
- Transform blighted areas into thriving neighborhoods.
- Protect public health and the environment.
- Promote public participation and input on priority redevelopment areas and sites.
In June 2017, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) selected the Kodiak Coalition to receive $600,000 of Brownfield Community-Wide Assessment (CWA) grant funding ($300,000 for hazardous substances and $300,000for petroleum). Kodiak Island Borough is leading the project and the City of Kodiak and Natives of Kodiak, Inc. are Coalition partners. Implementation support is being provided by Stantec Consulting Services Inc. (Stantec), a design and engineering firm in Alaska.
A Brownfield Advisory Committee is being formed to identify and prioritize brownfield sites that would benefit from environmental assessment to catalyze reuse and redevelopment. The program is intended to benefit all communities and villages in the archipelago.
The grants will fund Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs) and other cleanup/reuse activities at publicly and privately-owned brownfield sites over a three-year period (through September 2020). The EPA defines brownfields as real property for which the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.
Grant funding can be used to inventory, assess, and plan for cleanup and reuse of priority sites. Eligible grant funded activities include:
Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA): A Phase I ESA is a research study intended to identify potential environmental liabilities that may act as barriers to redevelopment. Phase IESAs do not involve collecting environmental samples to confirm if there are actual impacts to the property. Up to 16 Phase I ESAs will be funded by the EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant.
Phase II ESA: Should a Phase I ESA identify environmental concerns, a Phase II ESA may be necessary. Phase II ESAs may include testing soil and groundwater and/or hazardous building materials, to determine if impacts exist that require cleanup. Up to 10 Phase II ESAs will be funded by the EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant.
Cleanup and Reuse Planning: For sites with confirmed impacts, cleanup planning may be necessary. This includes analysis of cost-effective cleanup options for anticipated redevelopment alternatives. Market studies, infrastructure analysis, and master planning are types of reuse planning that can be performed on sites that meet eligibility requirements.
The Kodiak Coalition is seeking candidate sites throughout the community to participate in this this exciting program! Please contact Daniel Mckenna-Foster, Associate Planner at (907) 486-9361, email@example.com to see if your property is eligible for grant funded activities.
News & Announcements
- Community Meeting #1: January 25, 2018 from 10:00am-11:00 a.m. at the Natives of Kodiak Board Room (Alutiiq Museum), 215 Mission Rd # 101, Kodiak, AK 99615.
- Press Release: EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant award announcement posted on the KIB website and Facebook page.
- Article: "Borough Wins Grant to Assess Island Sites for Contamination" KMXT
Phase I & II Environmental Site Assessment Videos
- Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment
- Fisher Environmental - Phase II Environmental Site Assessment - Soil Testing
- Environmental Site Remediation Contaminated Soil Treatment
- Site Nomination Form-Fillable
- Community Member Fact Sheet
- Property Owner Fact Sheet
- Process Guide
- Brownfield Grant Program Timeline
- Brownfield Site Examples
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a brownfield?
Brownfields are vacant and underutilized properties previously used for industrial or commercial activities that may have resulted in contamination from petroleum or hazardous substances, but can be cleaned up and reused.
What are the benefits of brownfield redevelopment?
Property owners, businesses and developers who cleanup and reuse brownfields provide benefits to themselves and their communities, including:
- Removing unknowns regarding site conditions that might hold up a sale or redevelopment.
- Increasing return from the property by making it more valuable and marketable.
- Contributing to economic prosperity and environmental restoration in the community.
- Making neighborhoods safer and healthier.
- Avoiding actions by regulatory agencies that may impose penalties and costly cleanups.
- Reducing the potential for adverse impacts on adjacent properties.
What will grant funds be used for?
Grant funding can be used to inventory, assess, and conduct cleanup/reuse planning for priority sites.
What sites are eligible for grant funds?
Sites eligible for grant funded activities include private or public-owned properties with known or suspected contamination and properties where sale, reuse, or redevelopment is planned. Eligibility is determined on a case-by-case basis. Eligible sites may include (but are not limited to):
- Former manufacturing and industrial sites (e.g. shuttered mills and factories, old tank farms, former canneries, etc.)
- Vacant or underutilized warehouses and commercial facilities (e.g. aging strip malls)
- Vacant gas stations and auto repair shops
- Former dry cleaners
- Old rail yards and truck depots
- Mine-scarred lands
- Salvage yards, landfills and illegal dumping sites
- Old buildings with asbestos or lead-based paint
Ineligible sites include those on the EPA National Priority “Superfund” List or targeted for any federal or state enforcement action.
What are the program requirements and timeline?
The program and funding is committed through September 2020. Participation is entirely voluntary and the property owner must provide site access for assessment activities.
To qualify for grant funding, sites must meet certain eligibility requirements (described above). If you are interested in taking advantage of the opportunity to use grant funding on your site and are unsure whether or not it meets eligibility requirements , please contact Daniel Mckenna-Foster, Associate Planner at (907) 486-9361 or firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.
For additional information or to nominate a site for grant funding consideration, please contact:
Daniel Mckenna-Foster, Associate Planner
Community Development Department
Kodiak Island Borough
710 Mill Bay Road
Kodiak, AK 99615
Disclaimer: Though this project has been funded wholly or in part by the EPA, the contents of this document do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the EPA.